Botswana’s magnificent Okavango Delta is a maze of lagoons, lakes and hidden channels covering an area of over16,000 square km in flood and shrinking to less than 9,000 square km in the dry season. It is a lush water-wilderness of papyrus swamps, shallow reed-beds and floodplains, dotted with islands and laced with a network of channels. Trapped in the parched Kalahari sands the fresh water oasis attracts wildlife that depends on the permanent waters of this unique wilderness. The fragile ecosystem remain one of the world’s unspoilt and beautiful wildernesses where a vast diversity of animals and birds can be seen. All this makes for amazing wildlife sightings.
Interesting fact: The Okavango Delta is relatively new in geological terms—only a meagre 60 000 years old.Before the formation of the delta, for some two million years, the Okavango River flowed right through Botswana and drained into a massive lake somewhere in the region of the Makgadikgadi pans in Botswana.
Rivers are hard-coded to flow towards big bodies of water like lakes and seas. But then about 50 000 years ago, there was a massive earthquake in Southern Africa. The land near today’s border between Botswana and Namibia shifted, interrupting the Okavango’s usual, obedient flow.It was a shock to the river’s system. The water had no choice. 11 trillion litres spilled out into the desert like oil in a pan, flooding a vast area with a steady torrent of fresh H2O.One awkward geological twist of fate had created the greatest natural oasis on earth—the Okavango Delta.
The Delta area has been split up into private reserves where the game viewing is available only to resident guests. As a result, the Okavango offers some of the most exclusive game viewing area in Africa. The heart of the Okavango is the Moremi, a public park that is particularly busy in areas but is also home to the Mombo concession, a wildlife area regarded by many as the best in the world. Not only is the location one of the most beautiful, and the wildlife so rich, but it is also home to some of the most exclusive and sought-after safari lodges on the continent.
The Okavango Delta is home to thousands of different species of plants and animals. Here, you'll find over 400 species of birds, nearly 200 species of mammals, and over 150 species of reptiles!